Ruby is a game which involves a lot of collisions between and among the players. It is through these collisions that the players are exposed to injuries which need treatment during the game and the other serious injuries which cause players to miss a number of matches. These injuries can cause paralysis or even different forms of the non-disabling injuries which occurs more often and they include neck muscle strain, cervical root neuropathy and cervical facet joint sprain. The other common injuries in ruby are neck and head injuries. The laws which are used to manage ruby matches played a critical role in the reduction of head, neck injuries among other injuries common in ruby. Therefore, if appropriate laws are put in place to be used during training and rugby matches, the number of injuries could be significantly reduced. In addition, the referees, managers and players should be train on ways to minimize cases of injuries in different part of the body of the players.
The frequency of injuries in the players does vary because of a number of factors which include; first, the type of game, when players are playing the actual game, more players is exposed to injuries than when they are in training or when playing non-competitive matches. When players are playing competitive games, they are under intense pressure to win, hence exposing themselves to greater risk of injury since they play under immense force. Training session has a lot of controlled environment than the actual matches; hence the number of injuries during training is lower than during competitive matches.
The other factor which affects injury is the player’s position at any given time. During scrum, the players in the front row are more exposed to injury than the players in the back row. The age group of the player is also another factor affecting the frequency of the injury among the rugby players. Younger players are more exposing to injuries than the experienced players. This is mainly contributed by the fact that these young players lack the skill, knowledge and expertise on how to defend themselves against these injuries. The phase of the player is another factor affecting the frequency of injuries on rugby players. There are a lot of reported cases of neck and head injuries among the young players as compared to the professional players. Additionally, injuries tend to increase with increasing body mass. Therefore, players which huge bodies are prone to injuries than those with smaller body mass.
Causes of the Injuries
The different injuries hitting the rugby players are caused by several factors. For instance, the players can be easily injured when the neck is either being forcefully hyper-extended or hyper-flexed when the player is in a very vulnerable position, it is during this time that the player can injure his/her cervical spine. The higher than of collisions which are experienced in rugby game is higher than any other game such as soccer; it is these collisions which are responsible for causing injuries among the players. It is during these collisions that the players are injuring their heads, neck and spinal part of the body. The other factor which causes neck injuries among the players is a mismatch in the experience between any two opposing front rows during a scrum. This has been noted as the major cause of the neck injuries across all players no matter the age, gender and experience of the players.
Prevention of Injury
Rugby is one of the collision sports where injuries occur often on the players. But these injuries can be prevented through a number of ways which include; first, the law and rules which are used should guarantee low chances of injuries among the players. Therefore, the regulatory bodies with the responsibility of making these rules and laws should have operational mechanisms to handle skills and equipment analysis before the laws are put in place. It is only through effective law and rules that the referee would be able to manage the game at any given time. Specific exercises can also prevent injury, the pre-habilitation exercises helps the players to get used to some awkward positions where they are prone to injury. For instance, muscle stability and strength exercises around the joint promote good movement control at the joint. In addition, some specific neck strengthening programs do reduce injuries affecting cervical spine among professional rugby players. Having appropriate clothing for the sport is also another way to prevent injuries, these clothing like helmet prevent head injuries. The players and referees should also receive sufficient training on how to conduct themselves whenever they are playing to reduce cases of injuries, they should know the rules and laws of the sport properly.
Rugby being a collision sport, the risk of injuries among the players is significantly higher as compared to other sports. The common areas of the body where the rugby players can be injured include the neck, head and spine. The frequency of injury among the players do vary based on a number of factors such age, players’ position, body mass and age group of the player. These are some of the factors to be considered when putting in place strategies to be used in the prevention of these injuries. Overly, if proper rules and laws are established to manage rugby sport, the number of injuries in different part of the body would be significantly reduced.
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